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Linear Time Series Analysis Help

The linear time series analysis is used to analyze data that has a trend. The linear model used for the fit is:

Yt = b0 + b1t


This help page describes how to perform the linear time series analysis using the SPC for Excel software using data that can be downloaded at this link. This page contains the following:

Data Entry

Enter your data in a spreadsheet as shown below. The data must be in a single column with or without a heading. The data can be anywhere in the spreadsheet. There can be no empty cells or non-numeric entries in the data (except if there is a heading). It is important that the data represent evenly spaced data in time.

Running the Analysis


The output from the linear time series analysis consists of two parts: the chart and the printed results (if that option was selected).The Linear time series chart is shown below. It includes the actual values, the fitted values, the values of MAPE, MAD, and MSD, as well as the best-fit equation. Forecasts, if included, are also shown. The best-fit equation is used to calculate the forecasts.

The printed results are shown below. It includes the same information as in the chart but in tabular format.

Interpretation of Output

The first thing to do is to examine the chart of the fitted line with the actual values. Decide if it fits the data. The points should be randomly distributed around the fitted line. If the points do that, then it is probably a good fit. If you ran other models, you compare the three accuracy measures (MAPE, MAD, and MSD) described in the first time series help page. The smaller the values, the better the fit.

If there are forecasts values, you can check to see how good they might be. You want the fitted line to closely follow the actual results. If it begins to vary at the end of the actual data, something may be changing (like the trend).

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